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Why do Companies Need to Issue Shares to the Public?

Issuing shares to the Public is something most companies someday do. “But why?” Is that your question too? The answer to that question you will find in this piece. But, before we just jump into why companies need to issue shares to the Public, let us begin with – what does it mean when a company issues shares to the Public? So, starting right from the beginning, keep reading and brush up on all of the basics while also finding out why companies need to go public.

What Does It Mean When a Company Goes Public?

A private firm can go public by selling its stock on a public exchange or by voluntarily exposing certain business or financial information to the Public. IPOs (initial public offerings) are a common way for private enterprises to go public (IPO).

“Going Public” – Explained

When a firm meets the Securities and Exchange Commission’s threshold for public reporting responsibilities, it becomes publicly traded. This can include selling privately held shares on the public market through an IPO, fulfilling the investor base trigger for public reporting, or voluntarily registering with the commission to disclose certain business and financial information to the Public.

When a corporation goes public through a share offering, its privately held stock trades for the first time on public markets, and it no longer qualifies as a privately held company. This procedure enables businesses to raise funds that can be reinvested in their operations. In exchange for the capital, the founder or current owner relinquishes a portion of the company’s ownership.

Going Public, in whatever form, is a major choice that necessitates a great lot of planning. You could look up indices such as NIFTY 100 stocks list 2022, and more – you will know the amount of publicly listed companies that are doing so well. Once a company goes public, it is subject to stringent regulatory reporting obligations as well as scrutiny from shareholders who now own a stake in the company.

Why Does a Company Need to Go Public?

Companies issue stock to raise funds from investors who prefer to put their money into the stock market. The money is then used by firms to expand and enhance their operations.

The company issues a variety of shares, including preference shares, ordinary shares, shares without voting rights, and any other shares that are legal. These provide shareholders with a stake in the company’s stock as well as a share of its gains in the form of dividends as well as the ability to vote at shareholder meetings.

But, in the course of knowing why a company needs to go public – here are some factors that will help you understand it a little more in-depth.

What are the Main Reasons for a Company to go Public?

1. To Record Ownership Stake

Shareholder founders receive shares as a record of their own position in the company. In exchange for services given, some startups provide founders with sweat equity shares, which are shares given at no cost or lesser fair market value. Founders frequently contribute cash for shares shortly after to capitalization of the company, which means they infuse enough cash to meet the launch and operational expenditures in the near and medium-term.

2. To Raise Capital

Confounders are given shares in early-stage companies to help pay for things like attorney fees, rent, security deposits, insurance, marketing, product purchases, business travel, equipment, and furniture. Typically, businesses suffer high initial costs before they begin to generate money.

3. For Expansion and Growth

In order to raise funds for expansion, young businesses sell shares to outside investors. Equity, unlike debt, does not require repayment. Hence it does not put a strain on a young or developing company’s cash flow. Furthermore, equity helps to strengthen the financial sheet. A debt-to-equity ratio of one or less is preferred by most potential lenders. Young businesses that aren’t successful or that reinvest profits have no retained earnings. They must rely on the issuance of shares to raise funds. To pay off existing debt, older, more stable firms may issue shares.

4. To Build Wealth

Shares in small, private firms are purchased by investors in order to generate wealth for themselves in the form of a return on their investment. This return is derived by dividend distributions or profit retention, both of which raise the value of the stock. As for indicators of prospective return, investors look at historical and forecast financials, such as revenue growth, profit margins, and return on equity.

They look at the company’s objectives and strategies. Investors frequently place the greatest emphasis on the management team, which is responsible for the company’s achievements. Investors will buy stock in a company if they have the finances and believe they can make a good profit. Some investors put down higher money in order to gain a larger ownership interest or a seat on the board of directors, allowing them to have a say in corporate decisions.

5. To Give More Opportunity

Founders strive to cover initial expenditures with personal equity or loans, but when they need more money, they usually turn to family and friends. Members of this investment group have a strong belief in the entrepreneur’s capacity to make a business successful, and they can be counted on for loyalty even while the business is losing money. Friends and family members purchase shares to assist a loved one while also taking a chance on gaining money.

How Will a Company Go Public?

Going Public is a complex and time-consuming procedure that most firms find difficult to figure out on their own. A private firm looking into becoming an IPO would not only prepare for a massive upgrade in public scrutiny – but also file a mountain of paperwork and financial reports to comply with the Commission that regulates public corporations.

This is why a private firm planning to go public would engage an underwriter, usually an investment bank. It is to advise them on the IPO and assist them in setting an initial price. Underwriters assist management in preparing for an IPO by generating important investor documents and conducting roadshows with potential investors.

The underwriter will issue shares to investors – and the business’s stock begins trading on a public stock exchange once the company and its advisors have chosen an initial price for the IPO.


Going Public is a big deal for a company. Here, the is no same size fits all rule. The different companies have different reasons for why they are going public. One could be for capital, whereas the other could be for a new product/service.

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